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A Novel Low-Cost Sensor Prototype for Nocturia Monitoring in Older People
Albuquerque, V. H. C. De
Nocturia is frequently deﬁned as the necessity to get out of bed at least one time during the night to urinate, with each of these episodes being preceded and continued by sleep. Several studies suggest that an increase of nocturia is seen with the onset of age, occurring in around 70%of adults over the age of 70. Its appearance is associated with detrimental quality of life for those who present nocturia, since it leads to daytime sleepiness, cognitive dysfunction, among others. Currently, a voiding diary is necessary for nocturia assessment; these are prone to bias due to their inherent subjectivity. In this paper, we present the design of a low-cost device that automatically detects micturition events. The device obtained 73%in sensibility and 81%in speciﬁcity; these results show that systems such as the proposed one can be a valuable tool for the medical team when evaluating nocturia.